過去簡單式顧名思義就是指發生在過去的時間, 且現在已經沒有在做了的事情 (如果現在還有就要用現在完成式囉) 習題請自行下載: 檔名為 Simple Past 過去簡單式的句型不用管人稱的問題 所有的人在肯定句時都是: 主詞 + 過去式一般動詞 例: I took the bus to work this morning. 否定句時是: 主詞 + didn't + 原形動詞 例: My mother didn't make dinner. 疑問句時: Did + 主詞 + 原形動詞? 疑問詞(What, When...) + did + 主詞 + 原形動詞? 例: Did you watch TV? Where did they go? 一般動詞的過去式可分為兩類 一種叫規則動詞, 過去式時加 ed (但若字尾為子音+y 時則去 y 加 ied ) 另一種叫不規則動詞, 過去式時整個拚法會不同 像 go 變成 went, run 變成 ran 等 若不確定時可以去查字典 另外要注意的是 過去簡單式的句子不一定都會說出時間 但只要用的是過去簡單式, 就一定是指發生在過去, 已結束了的事 所以 Where do you live? 問的是現在住哪裡 而 Where did you live? 問的就是以前(或當時)住哪裡 英文的方便處就在於可以從時態了解說話者指的到底是何時的事 以下是基本句型變化: I ate a lot of rice. I didn't eat a lot of rice. You lost the game. You didn't lose the game. Did you lose the game? How did you lose the game? She heard the news. She didn't hear the news. Did she hear the news? What did she hear? Raymond chose a different color. Raymond didn't choose a different color. Did Raymond choose a different color? What color did Raymond choose? We liked that movie. We didn't like that movie. Did we like that movie? Why did we like that movie? Mr. and Mrs. Sherman saw the accident. Mr. and Mrs. Sherman didn't see the accident. Did Mr. and Mrs. Sherman see the accident? What did Mr. and Mrs. Sherman see?